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 السلم والسلام يالانجليزية

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تاريخ التسجيل : 09/09/2012
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مُساهمةموضوع: السلم والسلام يالانجليزية   الإثنين 24 سبتمبر 2012 - 20:08

Definition of peace:
- The word of peace and a clear sense, reflect the tendency inherent in the depths of every human being, and tells the story of a strong desire among all the community only, and are very noble objective for all nations and peoples. And peace of peace and safety of any origin of innocence and happiness and salvation of defects, pests and hazards.Called the three languages of peace, peace peace and peace on the corresponding state of war and conflict. Ibn perspective: Peace, peace: the peace, and Tsmoa: reconciled, and Altasalm any reconciliation. Reconciliation and peaceful means. And told that peace is: surrender and against the war. A situation where there is security and peace, where the individual feels safe and calm and stability is a key factor for the progress and prosperity of nations.
- Types of Security and Peace:
A / Homeland Security: which includes:
* Public Security: The security interests of the play in order to protect individuals and property
* Social Security: Ensuring education and freedom of expression, innovation and the protection of national heritage and moral values and humanitarian principles
* Economic security: by the state in order to achieve food security and technological progress and the protection of the national economy
Definition of war:
Defines the concept of war as:
• War is a conflict between two communities ON or two, or two or two people or two camps, in order to gain access to political, economic or ideological or for the purposes of expansion, and turn to politics in the last stages.
• means that the war fighter Baarzakh force in front of him and eliminate them.
• war waged against the weak and oppressed by the forces of unjust.
• war using weapons of all kinds except for weapons of mass destruction, biological and nuclear weapons.
• the war for the mujahideen their goal, which claim it is a lofty goal, Nabil, a call to a pure Islamic net of impurities and Kafriyat, based on the book and the Sunnah, and their targets also edit the Muslim peoples oppressed by the yoke and tyranny systems blasphemous unjust unfair, whether local or foreign, and to advocate a new social order that derives its legitimacy from the light of Quran and Sunnah.
• war, armed conflict based on the use of armed force with armed groups, an organization called armies.
• War is a decision in the use of organized violence between units of the international community.
• end the war by defeating either one of the combatants Oaalan withdrawal or submission to the demands of the Party often in war, or some of the armistice agreements or peace agreements.
• the consequent wars always socially corrupt, especially if the war lasted for many years.
• publish the wars of fear and anxiety, escape and extends the life of individuals to influence and affect the country occupied monument and looting and stealing and spreading because of ignorance of the demolition of schools and affect in the psyche of children Wiczra in their minds of hatred and hatred and aggression.
• motives of the war may be different motives for the war between those who order the war and those who die in it. To do war must be no support from its leadership and its military forces, and its people. In his book, Why Nations go to war, noted author John c.Astosenger, that both sides will claim that morality is the justification for their fight. It also states that the rationale for the beginning of the war depends on the evaluation of over-optimism of the results of the fighting (injuries and costs), and the misconceptions of the intentions of the enemy and said the Jewish Talmud in his explanation of the fight between Cain and Abel (Berishat the second quarter and twenty: 7 to) to three reasonsWorld Wars: I) the second for economic reasons) Power / Pride / Love (personal reasons)

Nobel Peace Prize:

Alfred Nobel: A chemical engineer and was born on October 21, 1833 in the city of Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. Allowed his father Immanuel Nobel (after the effort and struggle to work in the field of naval mines and the richness of it) the opportunity to learn good to his son Alfred and his brothers three, which provided them with qualified teachers in natural sciences, chemistry, languages and literature, what that amounted to Alfred seventeen-year-old even mastered five languages the Swedish, Russian, French, English, and German. His father's work to build a factory near the city of Stockholm for the manufacture of high explosive nitroglycerin, and the manufacture of about 140 kilograms of this article, but the plant exploded in 1864. The explosion caused the deaths of his younger brother Emil and four of chemists and workers. The work of Alfred to tame and control the use of nitroglycerin very fact material to the invention of dynamite in 1866, and obtained a patent, Vthavtaat to buy construction companies, mines and armed forces, and spread the use of dynamite all over the world. Alfred was the establishment of dozens of factories and plants in twenty countries, and reap from behind the great wealth that is so it has become the world's richest people. Alfred imagine that this invention may work on the happiness of mankind, and when he found an error in the destination end of his life decided to donate some of his wealth each contribute to the happiness and prosperity of human beings and delivered over the Nobel Prize. Matt Alfred Nobel on the tenth of December, 1896 in San Remo, Italian, alone, has left behind a fortune estimated at about 30 million SEK, and the commandment to invest the bulk of his fortune in the projects profitability is of the proceeds awarded five annual awards for more than reported human in areas identified, namely: the field of chemistry, physics, medicine, literature, and world peace.
Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize:
Introduction to Early Life:
Ould Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat in December 25, 1918 in the village of Mit Abu El Kom Menoufia and started studying the Book of the village and save the whole Quran is still a boy.
Joined by the military school of Ibrahim Pasha, and by Sadat in military school
Graduated in February 1938 and was appointed to the Max then goes on to Mnaqbad and there be met with former President Gamal Abdel Nasser for the first time, and then being with him and a group of officers, the organization named officers free to work on the reform of corruption growing in the army and the government and the royal palace and parties political.
Came when Sadat was the July Revolution of the first rows and the first letter issued by this organization and was voted in at seven and a half on the morning of July 23, 1952 was Bakbashi Anwar Sadat went to the house in Cairo, the Egyptian Radio and spoke of them to the whole world.
Sadat took since the beginning of the revolution several tasks, including membership of the Revolutionary Court, chairman of the parliament, and was then appointed Vice President of the Republic to the late leader Gamal Abdel Nasser and after Nasser's death Sadat was appointed President of the Republic and the start of actual work in the October 17, 1970. He began faces deteriorating conditions in Egypt.
Decision to go to the October war with Israel and the peace treaty, the cause of the award:
And became in the hands of all citizens to secure themselves and their money and their children, but also encouraged to invest and personal freedom and freedom of the press and democracy. On October 21, 1972 President Sadat held a meeting with the Supreme Council of the armed forces for four hours straight in order to explain to them the decision of war taken by the irreversible and the possibilities of the country and international circumstances prevailing at the time after the end of the Cold War.
Arrangements were made between President Sadat and President Assad to coordinate between the Egyptian and Syrian fronts. And it was the victory of October that the whole world did not believe him, which came with intelligence and cunning Sadat.
And in the midst of joy great victory, Club Anwar Sadat's peace and called on the whole world to spread peace throughout the world and the Middle East specifically, and the Sadat-by-step stunned the whole world when he went to Israel on a visit to the Knesset Israel for peace, and in 1978 signed a treaty Peace between Egypt and Israel in the United States, Sadat won Nobel Prize for Peace donate the value of the prize value and the book he got from the soul-searching for the reconstruction of his birthplace in the village of Mit Abu El Kom and build new housing.
But the man of peace was not safe from aggression attic was assassinated on October victory celebration during the military parade, was shot in the chest and the other in the foot in the Oct. 6, 1981
United Nations role in peace-building:
The United Nations is increasingly dealing with the activities of the underlying causes of conflicts and building the so-called Secretary-General of sustainable peace. The United Nations system so through its efforts to support good governance and civil law and order, human rights and democratization in countries that suffer in the aftermath of conflict. They return refugees to their homelands and provide electoral assistance and humanitarian relief and help in the rebuilding of administrative services, health, educational and other services.
The lead role of the United Nations presence in Timor - Leste has a central role to help its people to overcome the serious difficulties to move towards a chosen goal, and that is independence, which was being awarded in May / May 2002. Being the implementation of some peace-building activities, such as supervision of the United Nations on the 1989 elections in Namibia and demining programs in Mozambique and the training of Haitian police within the framework of the peacekeeping operation of the United Nations, which may persist after the withdrawal process. Governments and demands the implementation of other activities - for example in Cambodia, where the United Nations maintains office of Human Rights, or in Guatemala, where the United Nations assist in the implementation of peace agreements that affect all aspects of national life already.
In addition to the actions taken by the Security Council and the General Assembly and the Secretary-General in the wake of the attacks of September 11 / September against the United States, has stepped up a lot of members of the United Nations system efforts to combat terrorism. For example:
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):
- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in order to combat the threat of nuclear terrorism, to expand their capabilities in order to review the security of nuclear facilities in its Member States, and to identify aspects of the improvement of security and organization of contributions necessary to implement those improvements. They actively participate in the promotion of measures to prevent theft of nuclear materials.
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons:
- The organization that are part of the United Nations system tracks the movement of chemicals which may be used for the manufacture of such weapons and provides research and information on the possible use of chemical weapons and the application of the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention. In October / October 2001, brought together experts on the mobilization and coordination of international response to terrorist attacks using chemical weapons, so as to ensure the provision of the latest information and strategies.
International Civil Aviation Organization:
- Approved the 154 countries, during the months following the attacks of September 11 / September, a new strategy for the International Civil Aviation Organization in order to improve aviation security, including a system of regular mandatory audit work in order to assess the security of airports.
International Maritime Organization - Develop a working group of IMO twelve proposal to improve the security and safety of maritime traffic and thereby reduce the likelihood of maritime terrorism. They include automatic identification systems mandatory in all vessels exceeding 500 tons cargo in international waters, as well as the requirement for the presence of security plans and security officers on board these vessels.
Universal Postal Union:
- Drew the attention of the Universal Postal Union mail services to other national guidelines for mail in the United States in the wake of that country's exposure to terrorism, which was used send anthrax by mail in 2001. And provide network security of the Universal Postal Union Universal Postal advice and provide training on ways to ensure that hazardous materials not be sent by mail - as well as eliminating the use of mail systems for drug smuggling and money laundering, fraud and pornography to children.
World Health Organization:
- WHO has identified the key lessons for public health systems learned from the outbreaks of anthrax in 2001 and issued guidance to States on how to deal with suspected cases of anthrax injury. Sheets were also developed for the facts on anthrax and other infectious diseases that may be used by terrorists who use biological materials and these sheets are available on its website.
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